Huge English cheat sheet

This post is basically : ” How to sound smarter when you’re a non-native English speakers.”

I haven’t wrote any content (just edited some). I just merged different sources from the internet and put it in a more compact and practical way.

The aim/intention/purpose of this report is to outline/present/discuss...

This report outlines ...

This report is based on

The following report relates to ...

Further to my visit to ... I have prepared the following report

I have recently visited ..., I have prepared the following report

 

 

 

That is to say
Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.

In order to
In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.

In other words
Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.

To put it another way
Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.

To that end
Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.

Methodology
The methodology I used was …

Perhaps the most effective way of

A ... would be an effective way to

 

One of the main differences between Arya and Einstein is that
Wait, what ? Just kidding.

X is completely/entirely/totally different from Y in that ...

Unlike X, Y is...

While/whereas/although X is ..., Y is ....

X is not nearly as convenient as Y because

X is exactly the same as Y when it comes to

However
Arya thinks this. However, Snowden reached a different conclusion.

On the other hand
on the other hand, you could always just forgive him.

Then again
Writer A asserts that this was the reason. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this

That said
The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. THat said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.

Yet
Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.

 

Moreover
Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…

Furthermore
Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…

Likewise
Scholar A believes X. Likewise, scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.

Similarly
Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.

Another key fact to remember
As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.

Firstly, secondly, thirdly ...
Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…

As well as
Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.

Not to mention/to say nothing of
The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy

Not only ... but also
Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Coupled with
Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…

Notably
The candidate is very qualified in a lot of ways, notably that he worked for a competitor for three years.
Significantly
These figures show  many things, but, significantly,  they demonstrate a link between family background and educational achievement.
Indeed
Yes, indeed, Arya J. website is awesome.

 

 

 

Nonetheless
The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.

Nevertheless
He didn’t like Arya’s website. Nevertheless, he visited it.

Notwithstanding
Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.

In view of
In view of the evidence from the 2017 study, we have a better understanding of…

Provided that
I will come to visit you tomorrow, provided  it doesn’t rain.

Despite
The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.

 

 

Such as
Smartphones, such as iPhones are good connected devices.
For instance
Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south.
To give an illustration
To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of …
A closer look at the following ...

This can be shown/illustrated/demonstrated/clarified by ....

 

 

 

I conclusion
In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.

All things considered, I believe that...

Taking all these points into consideration, I would ...

Above all
Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…

Indeed
Yes, indeed, Arya J. website is awesome.

 

 

People claim that ... but I feel that ...

It is often said/argued that ... However, It seems to me that...

It is a fact that ...

Over the past few months/years, it seems that...

Recently, we have all become concerned that ...

Nowadays, we are all realising that...

In the past, people used to ..., but now ...

These days/weeks, it seems that

I believe/do not believe that ... because ...

Personally I feel that ... Let me explain why

In my opinion, ... Just consider ...

As I see it, ... The reason is ....

As far as I am concerned ...

It seems to me that .... This is because ...

I would argue that for the following reasons.

I feel very strongly that ...

I am convinced that ...

I am in favour of/against ...

I am opposed to ....

The reasons why I believe that ... are as follows

A few/Many/The majority/The minority of people said/reported/complained

According to ....

It is said that ....

It is often suggested that ...

Share the view that
A great number of people share the view that tourism will have a negative impact on the island.

There is a widespread agreement that
Today there is widespread agreement that pollution from cars and planes in threatening the future of our planet…

It is now widely accepted that
It’s now widely accepted that the earth isn’t flat.

Opinions differ about
Opinions differ about the proper relationship between the mass media and society.

There is considerable disagreement
There is considerable disagreement among experts about the usefulness of these tests.

Benefits
Regular exercise has many benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease.

Advantages clearly outweigh
Despite a few problems with the design, the car’s advantages clearly outweigh its disadvantages

Drawback
The major drawback of this method is that it can be very time-consuming

Downside
The downside of running your own business is that you are responsible if anything goes wrong.

Dear (first name)

Hi (first name)

 

 

 

Thank you/Many thanks for your (recent/last) mail/letter.

It was good/nice to hear from you recently.

I’m sorry I haven’t written/been in touch for such a long time.

It’s ages since I’ve heard from you. I hope you’re/you and your family are well.

 

 

 

 

Hi! / How are the things? / How are you? / How’s it going?

Great news about … Glad to hear that … Sorry to hear about …

Listen, did I tell you about …? You’ll never believe what …

Oh, and another thing … This is just to let you know that …

I thought you might be interested to hear about/know that …

By the way, have you heard about/did you know that …

 

 

 

 

I’m writing to apologise for missing your party but I’m afraid I was with flu.

I’m really sorry that I forgot to send you a birthday card but I was busy with my new job.

If you let me know where you bought it/how much it cost I’ll gladly pay for it/replace it.

Please let me know how...

 

 

 

 

I’m writing to ask for your help/you (if you could do me) a favour.

I wonder if/I was wondering if you could help me/do me a favour.

I hope you don’t mind me asking but could you (possibly) …?

I’d be very/really/terribly grateful if you could …

 

 

 

 

I’m/We’re having a party on Friday 19th and I/we hope you’ll be able to come.

Would you like to come/go to see ‘Room With a View’ with me at the weekend.

I was wondering if you’d like to go to the theatre/come on holiday with us?

Could you let me/us know if you can come/you’d like to join us?

Thank you vary much for your invitation. I’d love to come.

Thank you for asking/inviting me to … but I’m afraid I won’t be able to ….

 

 

 

 

I’m writing to thank you for your hospitality/the wonderful present.

It was so kind of you to invite me to stay with you.

I really appreciated all your help/advice.

Congratulations on passing your exams/your excellent exam results!

Don’t worry, I’m sure you’ll do well/pass.

 

 

 

Why don’t you …? Maybe you could …? How about …?

You can’t leave Paris without doing ...

I’m sure you will enjoy doing sth If you like, we can …

Do visit (somewhere). Don’t forget to (do sth) (Imperative -> Strong Recommendation)

I’m told that … People say that … (If you heard something is good)

 

 

Give my love/regards to …

Say hello to …

Hope to hear from you soon.

All the best,

Best wishes,

Take care

Warm regards

Cheers

 

 

Dear Mr/Ms (surname)

Dear Sir/Madam

Dear Sir or Madam,

 

 

 

 

I am writing to ...

I am writing with regard to ...

I am writing on behalf to ...

 

 

 

As you stated in your mail, ...

Regarding ...

Concerning ...

With regard to ...

 

 

 

I would be grateful if

I wonder if you could

Could you tell me something about ...

I would particularly like to know ...

I would be interested in having more details about ...

 

 

 

I am writing to complain about

You said ... but in fact what happened...

We were supposed to ... whereas we actually ...

 

 

 

If you require any further information, please do not hesitate to contact Arya.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Please contact me if you have any further questions

 

 

 

Yours faithfully

Kind regards

Yours sincerely

 

 

 

Good morning/afternoon/evenning, ladies and gentlemen

Good morning/afternoon/evenning, everyone

On behalf of ..., allow me to extend a warm welcome to you

Hi everyone. Welcome to ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let me briefly introduce myself. My name is Arya and I am delighted to be here today to talk to you about ...

First, let me introduce myself. My name is Arya and I am the ... of ...

I'm Arya from ... and today I'd like to talk to you about ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today I am here to talk to you about

What I am going to talk about today is

I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about

I am delighted to be here today to tell you about

I want to make you a short presentation about

I'd like to give you a brief breakdown of

The purpose of this presentation is ...

My objective today is ...

 

 

 

 

 

 


Let us start with

To begin with

I'll start with

In the first place

First, I will talk about ...

I'll begin with ...

... then I will look at ....

... next ...

and finally

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let me start with some general information on ...

Let me begin by explaining why/how

I'd like to give you some background information about

Before I start, does anyone know ...

As you are all aware ...

I think everybody has heard about ...., but hardly anyone knows a lot about it

 

 

 

 

 

 

That's all I have to say about ...

We've looked at ..

To sum up ...

Let's summarize briefly what we have looked at

I'd like to recap the main points.

Well, that's about if for this part. We've covered ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

I'd now like to move on the next part

This leads me to my next point, which is ...

Turning our attention now to ...

Let's now turn to ...

 

 

 

 

 

As I said at the beginning...

This relates to what I was saying earlier...

Let me go back to what I sad earlier about...

Let me go back to what I said earlier about ...

I hope that you are a little clearer on how we can

To return to the original question, we can ...

Just to round the talk off, I want to go back to the beginning when I

 

 

 

 

 

Based on our findings...

According to our study

Our data shows/indicates

Let me use a graphic to explain this

I'd like to illustrate this point by showing you ...

Let the pictures speak for themselves

I think the graph perfectly show how/that

If you look at this graph/picture/etc, you can see that

 

 

 

 

 

I would like to draw your attention to this point

Another significant point is that

The significance of this is

This is important because

We have to remember that

 

 

 

 

 

 

In other words, ...

To put it more simply

What I mean to say is

So, what I'm saying is

To put it in another way

I'd like to expand on this aspect/problem/point

Let me elaborate further on...

 

 

 

 

 

I'd like to conclude by

I conclusion, let me sum up my main points

It can be seen from the data/information that

On the whole I found that

All things considered, I believe that

Weighing the pros and cons, I come to the conclusion that

That brings me to the end of my presentation. Thank you for listening/your attention.

Well, that's it from me. Thanks very much.

That brings me to the end of my presentation. Thanks for your attention.
Now I will pass you over to my colleague Arya

Arya, the floor is yours

 

 

Does anyone have any questions or comments

I am happy to answer your questions now.

Please feel free to interrupt me if you have questions

If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to ask.

Please stop me if you have any questions

Do you have any questions before I move on ?

If there are no further questions at this point, I'd like to...

There will be time for questions at the end of the presentation

I'll gladly answer any of your questions at the end.

I'd be grateful if you could ask your questions after the presentation

 

 

 

 

That's an interesting question. I don't actually know off the top of my head, but I'll try to get back to you later with an answer.

I'm afraid I'm unable to answer that at the moment. Perhaps, I can get back to you later.

Good question, I really don't know. What do you think ?

That's a good question. However, I don't have any figures on that, so I can't give you an accurate answer.

Unfortunately, I'm not the best person to answer that.

Does this answer your question ?

Did I make myself clear ?

I hope this explains the situation for you.